US History help!!!!!!?
Question: Great Depression and Herbert Hoover? Doing some research and would really appreciate your help: Was President Herbert Hoover president after or during the Great Depression? (main question) **** Was Hoover held accountable for the Great Depression? Why
Best Answers: US History help!!!!!!?
Hoover was president during the Great Depression and was in office for one term - starting in March 1929 and ending in March 1933. Hoover wasn't really responsible for the Great Depression, but it can be argued that his lack of action caused it worsen/deepen. His belief was that given a bit of time that the market would right itself and that government interference would worsen any recovery and make people reliant on the government rather than on their own initiative. In other words government interference would prevent a recovery and discourage free enterprise. The problem with this is that while it sounds good in theory in practice it simply doesn't work, and if you want any further proof simply look at the number of banks going bust, companies going to the wall, high unemployment which kept rising etc. His lack of action therefore worsened the depression and it's for that he deserves a measure of blame. As president it was his responsibility to ensure that the conditions for free enterprise and the free market to flourish existed. His basic problem is that while he was an intelligent and capable man, who in another era may well have been a good president, that in this case he read too many economic manuals but didn't appreciate that real life isn't like it is in theory. Roosevelt at inauguration inherited a mess not seen until Obama took over the poisoned chalice from Bush. Doing nothing - which right-wing free market economists advocated is a disastrous economic theory.
Lirelou, I will expand upon this more later but there is definitely a "Historical Rhetoric" that is prevalent within the historical writing genre of books. It is somewhat easy to notice from time to time and almost all authors have this gift - it may also be a requirement for book sales as well afterall publishers run the book companies and need to make profits for share holders. Same thing with games too. I sense that one can still make the Russians look bad even when fighting the Nazi's in the virtual world. The slaughter during Operation Barbarossa was initially just that way - a slaughter. Heinz Guderian (Panzer Leader) took note of the point when even he saw that the Russians had changed tactics and were making the adjustment to fight his Panzertroupen. More later.... Gerry UPDATE: Official history can be good or bad. At its best modern official history is a model of what conscientious and inspired scholarship can be. (There are many military academies of Land, Sea, and Air but for this discussion we should merely consider St. Cyr, Sandhurst, and WestPoint – all of these being land or Army types). The General Staff variety of official history often took in the past, and still can take, a peculiarly desiccated and didactic form, dedicated to demonstrating, at the cost of necessary of dreadful injury to the facts, that all battles fall into one of perhaps up to ten types: encounter, attrition, envelopment, break-through, approach, etc. There is no doubt a certain brutal reality in this approach, just as there is a certain rough and ready applicability about the ten or so “immutable and fundamental” Principle of War (concentration, offensive action, maintenance of the objective, etc) which derive from it by another route and which military academies used to, as some in the former European colonized countries working off out-of-date training manuals still do, teach to their students. It seems to begin here. The University trained Historian can grant more than the shakiest foundation. He/she has been trained to detect what is different and peculiar about events, individuals, institutions, as well as the character of their relationship(s). This same person cannot of course accept a typical survey course test of say “Military History from Hannibal to Hitler”, that the battle say of Cannae 216 B.C., and the Battle of Ramilies, A.D. 1706, still less the Battle of the Falais Gap, 1944 A.D., are all the same sort of battle because each culminated in an encirclement of one army or the other. This same University trained Historian may admire the painstakingly reconstructed maps which accompany the texts, and usually these are embellished with neat, conventional NATO symbols (infantry division symbol “equals” a Roman Legion; armored Brigade symbol “equals” cavalry for the Maison du Roi); however, this person should not be persuaded that because these battles were fought more than 2000 years apart in time can be represented in the same cartographic shorthand, the victor in each case was obeying, even if unwittingly, the rules of some Higher Logic of War. A Historian should want to know a great deal more about many things to include: arms, equipment, logistics, morale, organization, current strategic assumptions – than the General Staff or academy text will tell him/her, before he/she will feel able to generalize about anything and/or everything. Three very effective authors that come to mind that are able to bear down on this style and avoid the traps are Antony Beevor, Max Hastings, and one not as well known John Keegan – all 3 being British are effective at taking a look at the cold naked truth of the matter. One American author (deceased) is Stephen Ambrose may have been a little “star struck” early on within his career but by the early 1970’s made a unique transition ahead of Beevor, Hastings, and Keegan (and this is meant to compliment all 4 authors mentioned on the important work they have completed in regards to 20th Century war and history – unfortunately their books aren’t used as the classic text book types). History is up for interpretation and the fact that you in your own good manner are questioning from a critical standpoint is an important consideration for people in the future of your generation or mine. Stick with the questioning – criticisms simply mean you are doing something right and never forget this. Only a fool makes friends with everyone and this is a personal thought for you based on a previous personal email to me from you. Vini, Vidi, Vici and Semper Fi, Gerry D.
Hoover was president in 1929 when the Great Depression started, and left office in March of 1933. He was blamed for not taking any effective measures to lessen its affects. Near the end of his administration the Reconstruction Finance Corporation was founded and was used effectively by Roosevelt as he battled the Great Depression.
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Hoover became President when the Great Depression Began. He was President from 1929-1933 (was elected in 1928). The Great Depression started when the stock market crashed in October 1929. No one man is responsible for the Great Depression, it was inevitable, and was America's fault. If anybody received the most blame however, it was President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945), because many believe his "New Deal" program extended the Depression longer than it would have lasted if it was allowed to sort itself out, rather than the government getting involved (many New Deal programs are still used today)
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